Grand Canyon: Down Havasu to the Colorado

End Falls through the tunnel

End Falls through the tunnel

End Falls is marvelous. At 196-feet high, it’s taller than Niagara and although it only spouts a single jet, the travertine-laced water is almost supernaturally bright blue. For centuries, End Falls marked the northern edge of the Havasupai homelands, since very few could descend the treacherous cliffs surrounding the falls.

Overlooking Mooney Falls

Overlooking End Falls

That all changed in 1882, when a prospector named Dan Mooney, seeking to explore potential mining claims below End Falls, fell to his death when his rope was cut by the sharp travertine fans surrounding the horseshoe-shaped cliffs. A year later, another miner named Mat Humphrey blasted a route down the cliffs, hammering spikes and chains into the rock face to aid his descent. He buried Mooney below the falls and established a mining claim just downstream. Humphrey’s route is still used today and the falls are now widely known as Mooney Falls.

It is somewhat miraculous that Dan Mooney is the only recorded person to have died descending End Falls: even with the aid of chains and ladders, the descent is sketchy as hell. First, you have to divine the way down. We searched all along the steep drop offs looking for a path before I noticed footprints leading into a hole in the wall: a tunnel! The path led into another tunnel and then down a series of slippery steps cut into the rock.

The Way Down: through the tunnel on the right!

The Way Down: through the tunnel on the right!

End Falls Warning Sign

End Falls Warning Sign

Devin descends the chains

Devin descends the chains

When moving through steep terrain, down is always worse than up. On the way down, you have to go backwards, feeling down into the abyss with your feet, stealing dizzying glimpses below. Humphrey’s chains and spikes gave me something to grip and I knew I’d be all right as long as I kept moving slow and steady. The going got worse farther down the cliff as the spray from the waterfall made the rust brown rocks and the chains slippery. The worst part was transferring from the rock steps to the three wooden ladders, which were slick with mud and unsteady. By the time I touched solid ground, my legs were shaking and I had to pace back and forth for a few minutes to walk off my nerves. Going back up, as usual, was much easier.

Me & Devin in front of End Falls, happy to have survived the descent!

Me & Devin in front of End Falls, happy to have survived the descent!

The next morning, we descended End Falls again to begin our hike down to the Colorado River. Deliberately, I had done very little research about the hike below End Falls, intending to have an adventure. I knew the river was about 7 miles away, but I had no idea what to expect along the way. Since the trail runs along the bottom of a very deep canyon, it’s not really possible to get lost; there are only two directions: upstream and downstream. The plan was simply to hike, climb or swim downstream until we hit the Colorado.

First Crossing

First Crossing

Second Crossing

Second Crossing

The first two crossings of Havasu Creek were deceptively easy: both were spanned by plank bridges. By the third crossing, however, we had to get wet. The creek was wide but shallow and we both took off our shoes, rolled up our pants and waded across. The white travertine deposits on the creek bed proved more sharp than slippery and I decided to leave my sneakers on for the rest of the crossings. Better wet feet than cut feet!

Time to get wet!

Time to get wet!

Shortly, we spotted a pile of rocks stacked on top of a boulder on the other side of the creek, a cairn marking another crossing. Here the water was deep and fast. I scouted up and downstream, looking for a shallower spot to cross. I found a place that was deep and fast but not quite as wide and waded in, shoes on. Partway across, fighting to keep my feet in the strong current, I remembered my fluvial physics: the narrower the channel, the faster the flow. Important lesson for crossing running water: don’t worry so much about the deep and wide, avoid the fast and narrow!

And another...

And another…

Devin didn’t have the luxury of keeping his boots on for the creek crossings: his soles were being held on by glue and duct tape. Next time, we’ll bring water shoes, a dry bag for my camera and a pole to help steady our steps. Live and learn.

Soon we came to Beaver Falls, the last major falls along Havasu Creek, about three miles downstream from End Falls. Beaver isn’t as tall as Havasu Falls or End Falls, but it’s more intricate, with many frothy drops into blue pools. I went wading and Devin went swimming and after an hour of having the place to ourselves, we both declared Beaver our favorite falls.

Devin's shower in Beaver Falls

Devin’s shower in Beaver Falls

On the edge of Beaver Falls

On the edge of Beaver Falls

Past Beaver, the trail got even harder to follow and we spent a good hour tracking the route through tunnels, over cliffs, down ladders, and across ledges. We crossed the creek at least ten more times, with Devin removing and relacing his boots each time. The last mile was a tease of anticipation as fresh riparian wind from down canyon carried news of a big river ahead. Each bend in the canyon walls looked like it might be an opening, but each time the high walls closed in for another turn.

Stairway to Heaven

Cliffside Stairway

Nearing the Colorado!

Nearing the Colorado!

Finally we passed three rafters who had come up from the river – the first people we’d seen all day – who assured us the end was near. Five hours after End Falls, we came to the confluence, where the vivid blue waters of Havasu Creek sweep into the brown rush of the mighty Colorado River: the end of Eden.

The Confluence!

The Confluence!

Devin Meets the Colorado

Devin Meets the Colorado

The End of Havasu Creek

The End of Havasu Creek

I took off my wet shoes and socks, put them in the sun to dry and sat down to stretch on the smooth, warm Muave Limestone that forms the basement of this part of the Grand Canyon. The limestone was lovely, but I missed the striking black and pink Zoroaster granite that lines the Colorado River farther upstream. Two more rafts showed up, handily negotiating the tricky turn into the outlet of Havasu Creek. I went down to talk with them and the leader asked me about the permit process for hikers. I told him I had gotten permits for our trip three weeks ago. He laughed and said he had applied for his rafting permits in 1995! I’d rather arrive here on my own two feet anyway.

Rafts on the Colorado, stopping at Havasu Creek

Rafts on the Colorado, stopping at Havasu Creek

After an hour on the shores of the Colorado, Devin and I packed up and headed back upstream, determined to make it up End Falls before dark. No way did I want to attempt that climb by headlamp! Devin set a quick pace, despite stopping to take off his boots at every river crossing and we made it back to camp, totally spent, in under three hours. Viva la Colorado! Until we meet again…

Me, Devin & the Colorado

Me, Devin & the Colorado

Stay tuned for another post on our dramatic exit from Havasu. Hint: we took a form of transportation I’ve never tried before!

Almost home free...

Almost home free…

Read the whole Havasu series: Day 1: HavasuDay 2: Down Havasu to the Colorado RiverDay 3: Day of Rest in HavasuDay 4: Surviving Supai.

About theblondecoyote

Mary Caperton Morton is a freelance science and travel writer with degrees in biology and geology and a master’s in science writing. A regular contributor to EARTH magazine, where her favorite beat is the Travels in Geology column, she has also written for the anthologies Best Women's Travel Writing 2010 and Best Travel Writing 2011. Mary is currently based in western Colorado. When she’s not at the computer she can usually be found outside -- hiking, skiing, climbing mountains and taking photographs. Visit her website at
This entry was posted in Hiking!, Photography, Uncategorized, Vagabonding 101 and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

27 Responses to Grand Canyon: Down Havasu to the Colorado

  1. Thank yo for that because I will NEVER be doing it myself. Your photos are amazing. Can you get to the Havasu creek without the terrifying trail to get there – ie by water?

    • Dan Beideck says:

      You can get to Havasu via the Colorado River. Those are how the rafters in Mary’s pictures got there. However, it appears easier to get a hiking permit than a rafting permit. Rafting permits are done on a lottery basis. If you want to go during the prime months, it may take years to win a private permit via the lottery. If you don’t mind going Nov-Feb, chances are pretty good you might get a permit your first year trying. There are also commercial trips available and those are easier to get, but you’ll pay heavily for it. I’ve been there twice via the river. It’s one of the special spots in the Canyon, in my opinion. What I didn’t know until Mary’s trip, was if you could get there by foot. Sounds like going via the river might actually be the safer route! Mary, thanks for the post.

  2. Donna says:

    yes, what a great post, but I don’t think at my age I could make it down that wall either, is there another way?

  3. MrsBoardwell says:

    Wowzers! I think I would have most definitely bottled it ^_^
    Amazing set of pics though!

  4. Jason C says:

    Very cool! Looks like an amazing trip! After reading your blog for several months, I took the plunge today and bought a teardrop trailer. The plan is to hit the road at the end of May when my lease is up!

  5. ritaroberts says:

    WOW ! What a fantastic adventure would love to do that ( If I had the nerve now) Thank you for such superb photo’s Which I will print and frame and hang in my study if that’s O.K. with you Mary.

    • I won’t throw a fit about it, Rita, I know you’re in Crete, but I’d always rather people buy prints from me. I can’t stop people from taking my images but it is a form of theft. Writing this blog is a labor of love. If you love reading the Blonde Coyote, help support me by buying a print! Email me at if you’re interested. Thanks! M

  6. Tiffani says:

    Oh My, the color of that water in the pic at the end of the Havasu was amazing !!!!! Thanks so much for sharing your pics and adventures with me.

  7. Pingback: Grand Canyon: Havasu Day of Rest | Travels with the Blonde Coyote

  8. Pingback: Best Hikes on Earth: The Dragon’s Back | Travels with the Blonde Coyote

  9. Pingback: Grand Canyon: Surviving Supai | Travels with the Blonde Coyote

  10. Pingback: Grand Canyon: Havasu! | Travels with the Blonde Coyote

  11. Pingback: Saturday’s Share: Havasu Falls Memories | shanjeniah

  12. manjunath says:

    Hi Mary,

    Your blog is very informative. I am planning to do havasupai campground to colorado river hike on June 1st.

    Couple of questions.

    1. How long did the two way trip take for you ? I am trying to figure out when to start – 6am/7am/8am.

    2. What type of footwear did you use or you recommend ?

    3. Most importantly, is there a trail map ? Are there pointers to key “confusion points” 🙂 ?

    thanks much

    • Hi Manju, Get ready for an awesome hike! Round trip, the 15-mile hike took us alll day from 7 am until 4pm and we’re strong hikers and experienced route finders. You’ll want to start as early as possible, at first light, so as to avoid coming back up Mooney Falls in the dark. I wore trail running sneakers in and out of the water. The travertine is sharp- don’t try to cross the creek barefoot. The trail is rocky and rugged with lots of cactus so sandals definitely won’t cut it either. You will get wet. We crossed the creek more than 20 times and every crossing was deep and fast. As for a map, we didn’t have one. There’s really only two ways to go: upstream or downstream. Some creek crossings and difficult spots were marked by piles of rocks, but not all. You’ll probably be able to find an overview of Havasu Canyon, but I haven’t seen a detailed map of the lower canyon. Thanks for reading! M

  13. manju says:

    Thanks Mary !

  14. Pingback: Me & My Shadows: Four Corners | Travels with the Blonde Coyote

  15. Blondecoyote, you know of course that the floods of 1995 and 2001, 2006 have left this much changed than before. It should be noted in your blog that many of the travertine ponds are gone and Mooney falls is but a drivel of its former self. Many people still see these OLD photos, and should prepare for a disappointment, or change of plans. I do not go there anymore, it is just not that great now.

  16. Pingback: Into the Gorge: Where the Red Meets the Rio Grande | Travels with the Blonde Coyote

  17. rutansh says:

    Wow! Your post is a great place to get useful info aboit this hike. I thank you for sharing this!!

  18. Dawna says:

    Amazing trip! We’re going in 3 weeks and we’ve always been curious how to get to the Colorado! Hmmmm, we may do it.

  19. girlonahike says:

    I just got my permit for this July (after calling for 17 HOURS), and I friend recommended my group hike down to the confluence. The photos look amazing! Thank you for posting this 🙂 Alicia @

  20. Richie says:

    Hey, do you think it’s possible to sleep overnight in a hammock anywhere close to the confluence? 15 miles in a day is physically do-able for me but I’d prefer to take it nice and slow 🙂

Comments are closed.